Choices concerning energy options and public investment can have important implications for economic development. Since 1991, TGG has conducted over 25 national, regional, and state/provincial studies on the economic development impacts (notably jobs) and environmental impacts of various North American energy options. TGG has performed such studies for the US, California, North Dakota, New York, five New England states, Florida, the Southern States region, and Quebec. Typically, these studies have examined the job impacts of energy efficiency versus conventional supply options (i.e., importing or building and operating conventional supply).
TGG's major projects fall into two broad categories:
- Economic Development and Environmental Impacts of Pipelines, Crude by Rail and Crude Oil
- Economic Development and Environmental Impacts of Other Energy Projects.
Since 2011, TGG has co-authored nine expert reports on the economic development impacts and environmental impacts of crude oil transportation (particularly interjurisdictional tar sands crude pipeline projects and crude by rail projects) and one report on a natural gas pipeline.
In addition to full employment studies, TGG has also provided various smaller scale analyses, think pieces and testimony related to regional economic development impacts of energy options. For example, in 2007, TGG performed an analysis for SunPower Corporation (an international solar electric manufacturer based in California) outlining the economic and job benefits of investing in solar versus coal in Nevada.
Our economic development research is supported by an extensive database containing information on a wide range of energy efficiency measures and supply options. This database has been compiled from utility data, detailed engineering studies, and contractor records from across North America.
In conjunction with TGG's extensive database, we have developed E3AS (Energy, Economic, and Environmental Analysis System) software on behalf of the US EPA in 1996. TGG has made E3AS available to assist government agencies in evaluating the economic and environmental impacts of energy supply and efficiency programs, and in considering both the benefits and costs of energy alternatives. The E3AS software uses our extensive database for its economic analyses, which have been incorporated into all TGG studies of economic and environmental impacts since 1996. E3AS model analysis offers a high level of regional specificity (and hence more precise results in evaluating regional economic impacts) because it has been developed using state-specific data and leveraging TGG's extensive expertise in energy efficiency, regional economics and utility operations.